Stable-state storage maker Kioxia has introduced the FL6 BiCS4 XL-Flash, which makes use of single stage cell (SLC) NAND flash to offer efficiency and endurance for functions equivalent to storage-class reminiscence and to rival Intel’s Optane product.
Kioxia’s FL6 BiCS4 XL-Flash supplies a claimed learn throughput of 6.2GBps and 5.8GBps on writes, with 1.5 million learn IOPS and 0.4 million on writes. Latency is within the low tens of microseconds for reads and writes.
That’s near Intel’s Optane P5800X, which reads knowledge at 7.2GBps, with 1.5 million enter/output operations per second (IOPS) and 6 microseconds of latency, and with write throughput of 6.5GBps.
Presumably, the Kioxia product goals at being aggressive on value. The corporate hasn’t revealed the price of the FL6, however it could be secure to imagine will probably be cheaper – with its use of commodity flash storage – than Optane’s 3D Xpoint.
FL6 and Optane join through PCIe 4.0 and run two channels. Intel plans to announce the P5801X, which will probably be a bit of faster, with throughput of seven.4GBps for reads and writes.
Kioxia’s FL6 relies on its so-called XL-Flash, which is constructed on SLC NAND flash. SLC was the primary technology of NAND flash to hit the market earlier than being outdated for normal storage use by MLC, TLC, QLC, and so forth.
With just one cost per cell, SLC is essentially the most fast of the NAND flash generations and has the longest lifespan, but in addition presents the least by way of capability, with 96 layers of cells accessible through 16 parallel buses within the case of the FL6 chip.
Use of SLC limits capability, however that’s not the important thing goal right here – efficiency is the principle requirement. FL6 merchandise will probably be accessible initially in 800GB, 1.6TB and three.2TB capacities, that are the identical as these accessible within the P5800X household from Intel.
What SLC does supply to the FL6 is lengthy endurance, with a assure of 5 years, which compares to round a 12 months of life from strange QLC SSDs.
Additionally utilizing SLC is the Samsung-developed Z-SSD, which is little-changed since its launch in 2019. With 48 layers of SLC, the Samsung SZ985 presents a lot decrease efficiency than the Kioxia FL6, particularly 3.4GBps throughput for reads and 3GBps for writes, with 0.75 million learn IOPS and 0.17 million throughout writes.
Samsung’s Z-SSD connects through PCIe 3.0, which is 2x much less speedy, and through 4 channels that enable for learn latency of 20 microseconds in reads and 16 microseconds for writes.
A 12 months in the past, Kioxia launched an solid-state drive (SSD) with related throughput, the CM6, which has 96 layers of TLC flash. Use of TLC flash restricted endurance and its use in write-intensive environments, equivalent to with databases, and left the sphere open to Optane.
In response to analysts TrendForce, Kioxia ranks second amongst international SSD makers with 18.3% of the market, behind Samsung (34% market share). Kioxia, nonetheless, is a goal for takeover by Western Digital (14.7% market share), which plans to speculate $20bn in product growth and to take the place of Samsung.
For its half, Intel (6.7% market share) is ready to redouble its efforts on the Optane entrance, based mostly on a shift to 3D Xpoint and away from NAND flash exercise, which Intel offered to SK Hynix (12.3% market share).